The secretaries-general of the OIC were appointed by reciprocal agreements between member states at the MTC meetings. In addition, a democratic election was held for the first time at the 31st session of the CFM, convened in Istanbul in June 2004, and Professor Ekmeleddin Hsanolu was elected Secretary General. Mr. Hsanolu was the first Turkish citizen to be appointed to the post on 1 January 2005 and his term was renewed for a further five years, which was to be valid on 1 January 2009 at the 35th session of the CFM in Kampala, Uganda, on 18 and 20 June 2008. Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin. Turkey degassed iCYF in Istanbul under the agreement signed in 2009. Also available in the following language: French, the Arab objective of the organization: to strengthen cooperation and solidarity between member states and to protect the rights and interests of the Islamic world. Founded: 25 September 1969 Headquarters: Djiddah, Saudi Arabia Secretary-General: Dr. Yousef ben Ahmad Al-Othaimeen Member States: The OIC has 57 members. Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates), Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Libya, Lebanon, Maldives, Malaysia, Mali Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger , Nigeria, Oman, Palestine, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Yemen. Syria`s accession was suspended at the fourth extraordinary summit of Islam in Makkah from 12 to 14 August 2012. Observing countries: the OIC has five observers.
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish Cypriot state name), Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Central African Republic, the Russian Federation and Thailand. Turkey`s accession: Turkey is one of the 25 founding members of the OIC. Turkey`s representation in the OIC: Turkey decided, by decree of the Council of Ministers of 22 May 2014, the creation of a permanent representation with the OIC, opened on 24 July 2015 in Djiddah. History of the organization: The Organization of the Islamic Conference was founded by decision of the first conference of the Islamic Summit held in Rabat from September 22 to 25, 1969, after an Australian extremist Jew attacked an Australian extremist Jew on August 21, 1969.